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Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

What Are ‘Priority Claims’?

New York bankruptcy requires debtors to pay some creditors what they are owed before others. These are called “priority claims” or “priorities” in the Bankruptcy Code. In chapter 13, for instance, creditors with priority claims must be repaid in full. Consequently, it’s important for debtors to have an idea of what these kinds of claims …

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What Chapter Is Best for a New York Business Bankruptcy?

“Business bankruptcy” isn’t a legal term as there’s no designated chapter for businesses or businesspeople to file bankruptcy in. Thus, the correct question is which chapter is best for businesses and their principals to file in. The answer depends on the structure of the business and the principals’ goals for running it. For sole proprietorships …

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Why Convert a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy to Chapter 7?

Most New York bankruptcies are filed in chapter 7 because debtors have mainly unsecured consumer debts and don’t have the income for a chapter 13 repayment plan to be feasible. Others, though, prefer the benefits of chapter 13, but once they’re partway into it, they find that chapter 7 might be a better fit after …

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What Is the Financial Management Course?

In order to file a chapter 7 or chapter 13 New York bankruptcy a debtor must take what the Bankruptcy Code refers to as “an instructional course concerning personal financial management.” (11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(11)) What is this requirement? In 2005, Congress passed the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (BAPCPA), which changed a …

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Married Couples in Bankruptcy

Because married couples often share debts, one obvious question is how they can use the bankruptcy process to their advantage. Here are several ways married partners can do so. (1)  Because married partners aren’t obligated to file jointly when one of them encounters difficulties paying debts, they have some flexibility in how to deal with …

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What Documents Must Debtors File to Meet Their Duties in Bankruptcy?

The Bankruptcy Code obligates a debtor to fulfill a number of duties to successfully complete a New York bankruptcy. Failure to do so can result in penalties ranging from dismissal to revocation of a discharge order to criminal penalties for bankruptcy fraud. 28 U.S.C. § 521 divides the debtor’s duties into ten subsections, and most …

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What Happens When Credit Unions Are Creditors in New York Bankruptcy?

Most bankruptcy debtors’ creditors are giant, impersonal banks. The obvious plus to discharging debts owed to them is that no one cares if their feelings are hurt. Sometimes the situation is different, such as with credit unions, which are banks that are owned by the depositors, usually within a defined geographic area. Often, credit unions’ …

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How Bankruptcy Can Lead the Way to Homeownership

Many people aspire to homeownership, but if they have filed bankruptcy they often believe it’s an unreachable goal. This isn’t true. In fact there are several ways bankruptcy can help someone become a homeowner. (1)  Bankruptcy can improve credit scores and other creditworthiness metrics. It’s avoiding bills and creditors that causes problems. In this sense, …

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The Benefits of a Short Tax Year Election to a Bankruptcy Filing

The last thing people who are considering filing bankruptcy in New York are probably interested in is filing two tax returns in one year.  Yet it is not only possible but also worthwhile to do in certain circumstances. First, what are we talking about? Federal law allows individual debtors (i.e. non-businesses) in chapter 7 or …

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