There can be times when the bankruptcy court decides that fusing two or more debtors’ cases into one can benefit both the debtors and both the debtors’ the creditors. The term for this in the bankruptcy lingo is “substantive consolidation.” It’s an equitable power given to the bankruptcy court in 11 U.S.C. § 105(a), . . . → Read More: What Is ‘Substantive Consolidation’ in Bankruptcy?
A lien is a legal claim by one person over the property of another. “Statutory liens” are a specific subset of liens; they arise by force of (you guessed it) statute when certain circumstances or conditions are met. One of the most common examples is a tax lien. Whenever people don’t pay their taxes, . . . → Read More: What Is a ‘Statutory Lien’ in New York Bankruptcy?
If a debtor pays some creditors and not others prior to a New York bankruptcy, it can cause trouble for the creditors receiving such payments. You can read about the five elements the trustee must establish to avoid a debtor’s preference payment to a creditor here. However, even if the trustee can prove the . . . → Read More: Defenses Against Preference Actions
The Bankruptcy Code obligates a debtor to fulfill a number of duties to successfully complete a New York bankruptcy. Failure to do so can result in penalties ranging from dismissal to revocation of a discharge order to criminal penalties for bankruptcy fraud. 28 U.S.C. § 521 divides the debtor’s duties into ten subsections, and . . . → Read More: What Documents Must Debtors File to Meet Their Duties in Bankruptcy?
Hopefully with millions of Americans now covered by health insurance, medical bankruptcies will decline. Not a moment too soon, but health care costs are still rising and high medical bills will still put people into deep, unmanageable debt. A problem that often arises, though, is that bankruptcy doesn’t discharge people’s medical problems, so they . . . → Read More: Medical Care and Bankruptcy
Obtaining a discharge in a New York bankruptcy usually improves one’s creditworthiness just by eliminating bad debts, but that doesn’t mean a debtor’s post-bankruptcy credit score will be remarkably great. However, there are steps former debtors can take to raise their credit scores, many of which are discussed here. One option that doesn’t come . . . → Read More: Secured Credit Cards Can Help Improve Credit Scores After Bankruptcy
A commonly discussed topic in the news is the rising costs of higher education in the United States. Congress has tried to help parents (and grandparents) pay for their children’s higher educations in two ways. One is by allowing them to pay into a tax-protected entity frequently referred to as a “section 529 college . . . → Read More: What Happens to College Savings Plans in Bankruptcy?
The $50 billion National Mortgage Settlement (NMS) between the U.S. government and 49 states and five large banks was good news for some homeowners who were erroneously foreclosed on and evicted from their homes. Although homeowners only received $20 billion out of the agreement, some of the money was applied to principal reductions on . . . → Read More: Mortgage Settlement Ends as Drop in Bucket for Underwater Homeowners
There are more ways for a chapter 13 New York bankruptcy case to end than to begin. Hopefully it ends with a discharge or a completed repayment plan, but some endings aren’t so fortunate. In particular, a chapter 13 case can end in dismissal for any of eleven reasons according to the Bankruptcy Code (11 U.S.C. . . . → Read More: Avoid a Dismissal of Your Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Case
In some chapter 7 New York bankruptcies it’s common for debtors to still be earning an income sufficient to pay some of their creditors if they choose to. Often it’s a necessity like a car payment or a mortgage payment. However, some debtors suddenly encounter difficulties making their payments, particularly online. For example, automatic . . . → Read More: Sometimes It’s Harder to Pay Debts While in Bankruptcy